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Cheap Train Travel From Berlin To Hamburg Altona
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More Important Information About Your Travel to Hamburg Altona
Hamburg (English: , German: [ˈhambʊʁk], locally also [ˈhambʊɪ̯ç] [ˈhambɔːχ]; Low Saxon: Hamborg), officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (German: Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg; Low Saxon: Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg), is the second-largest city in Germany after Berlin and 7th largest city in the European Union with a population of over 1.84 million. One of Germany's 16 federal states, it is surrounded by Schleswig-Holstein to the north and Lower Saxony to the southThe city's metropolitan region is home to more than five million peopleHamburg lies on the River Elbe and two of its tributaries, the River Alster and the River Bille. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League and a free imperial city of the Holy Roman EmpireBefore the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign city state, and before 1919 formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or HanseatenBeset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, North Sea flood of 1962 and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids, the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Hamburg is Europe's third-largest port.
Major regional broadcaster NDR, the printing and publishing firm Gruner + Jahr and the newspapers Der Spiegel and Die Zeit are based in the cityHamburg is the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg BankMedia, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, Blohm + Voss, Aurubis, Beiersdorf, and Unilever. The city hosts specialists in world economics and international law, including consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning, multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20Both former German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, were born in Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destinationIt ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016.
The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015.Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutionsAmong its most notable cultural venues are the Elbphilharmonie and Laeiszhalle concert hallsIt gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The BeatlesHamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical showsSt.
Additional Information About Berlin
Berlin (; German: [bɛʁˈliːn]) is the capital and largest city of Germany by both area and populationIts 3,769,495 (2019) inhabitants make it the most populous city proper of the European UnionThe city is one of Germany's 16 federal statesIt is surrounded by the state of Brandenburg, and contiguous with Potsdam, Brandenburg's capitalThe two cities are at the center of the Berlin-Brandenburg capital region, which is, with about six million inhabitants and an area of more than 30,000 km², Germany's third-largest metropolitan region after the Rhine-Ruhr and Rhine-Main regions. Berlin straddles the banks of the River Spree, which flows into the River Havel (a tributary of the River Elbe) in the western borough of Spandau.
Among the city's main topographical features are the many lakes in the western and southeastern boroughs formed by the Spree, Havel, and Dahme rivers (the largest of which is Lake Müggelsee)Due to its location in the European Plain, Berlin is influenced by a temperate seasonal climateAbout one-third of the city's area is composed of forests, parks, gardens, rivers, canals and lakesThe city lies in the Central German dialect area, the Berlin dialect being a variant of the Lusatian-New Marchian dialects. First documented in the 13th century and situated at the crossing of two important historic trade routes, Berlin became the capital of the Margraviate of Brandenburg (1417–1701), the Kingdom of Prussia (1701–1918), the German Empire (1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (1919–1933), and the Third Reich (1933–1945)Berlin in the 1920s was the third largest municipality in the world.
After World War II and its subsequent occupation by the victorious countries, the city was divided; West Berlin became a de facto West German exclave, surrounded by the Berlin Wall (1961–1989) and East German territoryEast Berlin was declared capital of East Germany, while Bonn became the West German capitalFollowing German reunification in 1990, Berlin once again became the capital of all of Germany. Berlin is a world city of culture, politics, media and scienceIts economy is based on high-tech firms and the service sector, encompassing a diverse range of creative industries, research facilities, media corporations and convention venuesBerlin serves as a continental hub for air and rail traffic and has a highly complex public transportation network.
The metropolis is a popular tourist destinationSignificant industries also include IT, pharmaceuticals, biomedical engineering, clean tech, biotechnology, construction and electronics. Berlin is home to world-renowned universities such as the Humboldt Universität zu Berlin (HU Berlin), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), the Freie Universität Berlin (Free University of Berlin), the Universität der Künste (University of the Arts, UdK) and the Berlin School of Economics and LawThe city has numerous orchestras, museums, and entertainment venues, and is host to many sporting eventsIts Zoological Garden is the most visited zoo in Europe and one of the most popular worldwideWith the world's oldest large-scale movie studio complex, Berlin is an increasingly popular location for international film productions.