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Cheap Train Travel From Berlin Central Station To Amsterdam Central Station
More Important Information About Your Travel to Amsterdam Central Station
Amsterdam (, UK also ; Dutch: [ɑmstərˈdɑm]) is the capital and most populous city of the Netherlands with a population of 872,680 within the city proper, 1,380,872 in the urban area and 2,410,960 in the metropolitan areaFound within the province of North Holland, Amsterdam is colloquially referred to as the "Venice of the North", attributed by the large number of canals which form a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Amsterdam's name derives from Amstelredamme, indicative of the city's origin around a dam in the river AmstelOriginating as a small fishing village in the late 12th century, Amsterdam became one of the most important ports in the world in the Dutch Golden Age of the 17th century and became the leading centre for finance and tradeIn the 19th and 20th centuries, the city expanded, and many new neighbourhoods and suburbs were planned and builtThe 17th-century canals of Amsterdam and the 19–20th century Defence Line of Amsterdam are on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Sloten, annexed in 1921 by the municipality of Amsterdam, is the oldest part of the city, dating to the 9th century. As the commercial capital of the Netherlands and one of the top financial centres in Europe, Amsterdam is considered an alpha-world city by the Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) study groupThe city is also the cultural capital of the NetherlandsMany large Dutch institutions have their headquarters there, including Philips, AkzoNobel, TomTom and INGAlso, many of the world's largest companies are based in Amsterdam or have established their European headquarters in the city, such as leading technology companies Uber, Netflix and TeslaIn 2012, Amsterdam was ranked the second best city to live in by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) and 12th globally on quality of living for environment and infrastructure by Mercer.
The city was ranked 4th place globally as top tech hub in the Savills Tech Cities 2019 report (2nd in Europe), and 3rd in innovation by Australian innovation agency 2thinknow in their Innovation Cities Index 2009The Port of Amsterdam is the fifth largest in EuropeAmsterdam Airport Schiphol is the busiest airport in the Netherlands, and the third busiest in EuropeFamous Amsterdam residents include the diarist Anne Frank, artists Rembrandt and Van Gogh, and philosopher Baruch Spinoza. The Amsterdam Stock Exchange is the oldest stock exchange in the worldAmsterdam's main attractions include its historic canals, the Rijksmuseum, the Van Gogh Museum, the Stedelijk Museum, Hermitage Amsterdam, the Concertgebouw, the Anne Frank House, the Scheepvaartmuseum, the Amsterdam Museum, the Heineken Experience, the Royal Palace of Amsterdam, Natura Artis Magistra, Hortus Botanicus Amsterdam, NEMO, the red-light district and many cannabis coffee shops.
Additional Information About Berlin
Berlin (; German: [bɛʁˈliːn]) is the capital and largest city of Germany by both area and populationIts 3,769,495 (2019) inhabitants make it the most populous city proper of the European UnionThe city is one of Germany's 16 federal statesIt is surrounded by the state of Brandenburg, and contiguous with Potsdam, Brandenburg's capitalThe two cities are at the center of the Berlin-Brandenburg capital region, which is, with about six million inhabitants and an area of more than 30,000 km², Germany's third-largest metropolitan region after the Rhine-Ruhr and Rhine-Main regions. Berlin straddles the banks of the River Spree, which flows into the River Havel (a tributary of the River Elbe) in the western borough of Spandau.
Among the city's main topographical features are the many lakes in the western and southeastern boroughs formed by the Spree, Havel, and Dahme rivers (the largest of which is Lake Müggelsee)Due to its location in the European Plain, Berlin is influenced by a temperate seasonal climateAbout one-third of the city's area is composed of forests, parks, gardens, rivers, canals and lakesThe city lies in the Central German dialect area, the Berlin dialect being a variant of the Lusatian-New Marchian dialects. First documented in the 13th century and situated at the crossing of two important historic trade routes, Berlin became the capital of the Margraviate of Brandenburg (1417–1701), the Kingdom of Prussia (1701–1918), the German Empire (1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (1919–1933), and the Third Reich (1933–1945)Berlin in the 1920s was the third largest municipality in the world.
After World War II and its subsequent occupation by the victorious countries, the city was divided; West Berlin became a de facto West German exclave, surrounded by the Berlin Wall (1961–1989) and East German territoryEast Berlin was declared capital of East Germany, while Bonn became the West German capitalFollowing German reunification in 1990, Berlin once again became the capital of all of Germany. Berlin is a world city of culture, politics, media and scienceIts economy is based on high-tech firms and the service sector, encompassing a diverse range of creative industries, research facilities, media corporations and convention venuesBerlin serves as a continental hub for air and rail traffic and has a highly complex public transportation network.
The metropolis is a popular tourist destinationSignificant industries also include IT, pharmaceuticals, biomedical engineering, clean tech, biotechnology, construction and electronics. Berlin is home to world-renowned universities such as the Humboldt Universität zu Berlin (HU Berlin), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), the Freie Universität Berlin (Free University of Berlin), the Universität der Künste (University of the Arts, UdK) and the Berlin School of Economics and LawThe city has numerous orchestras, museums, and entertainment venues, and is host to many sporting eventsIts Zoological Garden is the most visited zoo in Europe and one of the most popular worldwideWith the world's oldest large-scale movie studio complex, Berlin is an increasingly popular location for international film productions.