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More Important Information About Your Travel to Gelsenkirchen
Gelsenkirchen (UK: , US: , German: [ˌɡɛlzn̩ˈkɪʁçn̩]; Westphalian: Gelsenkiärken) is the 11th largest city of Germany's most populous federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and its 262,528 (2016) inhabitants make it the 25th largest city of GermanyOn the Emscher River (a tributary of the Rhine), it lies at the centre of the Ruhr, the largest urban area of Germany, of which it is the fifth largest city after Dortmund, Essen, Duisburg and BochumThe Ruhr is located in the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Region, one of Europe's largest urban areasGelsenkirchen is the fifth largest city of Westphalia after Dortmund, Bochum, Bielefeld and Münster, and it is one of the southernmost cities in the Low German dialect areaThe city is home to the football club Schalke 04, which is named after Gelsenkirchen-Schalke.
The club's current stadium Veltins-Arena, however, is located in Gelsenkirchen-Erle. Gelsenkirchen was first documented in 1150, but it remained a tiny village until the 19th century, when the Industrial Revolution led to the growth of the entire area In 1840, when the mining of coal began, 6,000 inhabitants lived in Gelsenkirchen; in 1900 the population had increased to 138,000In the early 20th century, Gelsenkirchen was the most important coal mining town in Europe It was called the "city of a thousand fires" for the flames of mine gases flaring at night In 1928, Gelsenkirchen was merged with the adjoining cities of Buer and Gelsenkirchen-Horst.