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More Important Information About Your Travel to Brussels Central Station
Brussels (French: Bruxelles [bʁysɛl] or [bʁyksɛl]; Dutch: Brussel [ˈbrʏsəl]), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (French: Région de Bruxelles-Capitale; Dutch: Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the capital of BelgiumThe Brussels-Capital Region is located in the central portion of the country and is a part of both the French Community of Belgium and the Flemish Community, but is separate from the Flemish Region (within which it forms an enclave) and the Walloon RegionBrussels is the most densely populated and the richest region in Belgium in terms of GDP per capitaIt covers 162 km2 (63 sq mi), a relatively small area compared to the two other regions, and has a population of over 1.2 millionThe five times larger metropolitan area of Brussels comprises over 2.5 million people, which makes it the largest in Belgium.
It is also part of a large conurbation extending towards Ghent, Antwerp, Leuven and Walloon Brabant, home to over 5 million people.Brussels grew from a small rural settlement on the river Senne to become an important city-region in EuropeSince the end of the Second World War, it has been a major centre for international politics and home to numerous international organisations, politicians, diplomats and civil servantsBrussels is the de facto capital of the European Union, as it hosts a number of principal EU institutions, including its administrative-legislative, executive-political, and legislative branches (though the judicial branch is located in Luxembourg, and the European Parliament meets for a minority of the year in Strasbourg)Its name is sometimes used metonymically to describe the EU and its institutionsThe secretariat of the Benelux and headquarters of NATO are also located in Brussels.
As the economic capital of Belgium and one of the top financial centres of Western Europe with Euronext Brussels, it is classified as an Alpha global cityBrussels is a hub for rail, road and air traffic, sometimes earning the moniker "Crossroads of Europe"The Brussels Metro is the only rapid transit system in BelgiumIn addition, both its airport and railway stations are the largest and busiest in the country.Historically Dutch-speaking, Brussels saw a language shift to French from the late 19th centuryThe Brussels-Capital Region is officially bilingual in French and Dutch, even though French is now the de facto main language with over 90% of the population speaking it.
Additional Information About Mons
Mons (French pronunciation: [mɔ̃s]; Dutch: Bergen; German: Bergen; Picard: Mont; Walloon: Mont) is a Walloon city and municipality, and the capital of the Belgian province of HainautThe Mons municipality includes the former communes of Cuesmes, Flénu, Ghlin, Hyon, Nimy, Obourg, Jemappes, Ciply, Harmignies, Harveng, Havré, Maisières, Mesvin, Nouvelles, Saint-Denis, Saint-Symphorien, Spiennes and Villers-Saint-Ghislain Mons was made into a fortified city by Count Baldwin IV of Hainaut in the 12th centuryThe population grew quickly, trade flourished, and several commercial buildings were erected near the Grand’PlaceIn 1814, King William I of the Netherlands increased the fortifications, following the fall of the First French Empire.
The Industrial Revolution and coal mining made Mons a center of heavy industryIn 1830, Belgium gained its independence and the decision was made to dismantle the fortifications, allowing the creation of large boulevards and other urban projects. On 23–24 August 1914, Mons was the location of the Battle of MonsThe British were forced to retreat and the town remained occupied by the Germans until its liberation by the Canadian Corps during the final days of the warThere are several memorial placards related to the WW1 battlesToday, the city is an important university town and commercial centre.