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More Important Information About Your Travel to Mons
Mons (French pronunciation: [mɔ̃s]; Dutch: Bergen; German: Bergen; Picard: Mont; Walloon: Mont) is a Walloon city and municipality, and the capital of the Belgian province of HainautThe Mons municipality includes the former communes of Cuesmes, Flénu, Ghlin, Hyon, Nimy, Obourg, Jemappes, Ciply, Harmignies, Harveng, Havré, Maisières, Mesvin, Nouvelles, Saint-Denis, Saint-Symphorien, Spiennes and Villers-Saint-Ghislain Mons was made into a fortified city by Count Baldwin IV of Hainaut in the 12th centuryThe population grew quickly, trade flourished, and several commercial buildings were erected near the Grand’PlaceIn 1814, King William I of the Netherlands increased the fortifications, following the fall of the First French Empire.
The Industrial Revolution and coal mining made Mons a center of heavy industryIn 1830, Belgium gained its independence and the decision was made to dismantle the fortifications, allowing the creation of large boulevards and other urban projects. On 23–24 August 1914, Mons was the location of the Battle of MonsThe British were forced to retreat and the town remained occupied by the Germans until its liberation by the Canadian Corps during the final days of the warThere are several memorial placards related to the WW1 battlesToday, the city is an important university town and commercial centre.