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More Important Information About Your Travel to Dresden
Dresden (, German: [ˈdʁeːsdn̩]; Upper and Lower Sorbian: Drježdźany; Czech: Drážďany; Polish: Drezno) is the capital city of the German state of Saxony and its second most populous city, following only LeipzigIt is the 12th most populous city of Germany, the fourth largest by area (following only Berlin, Hamburg and Cologne), and the third most populous city in the area of former East Germany, following only (East) Berlin and LeipzigDresden is contiguous with Freital, Pirna, Radebeul, Meissen and Coswig, and its urban area has around 780,000 inhabitants, making it the largest in Saxony. Dresden is the largest city on the River Elbe after HamburgMost of Dresden's population lives in the Elbe Valley, but a large, albeit very sparsely populated area of the city east of the Elbe lies in the West Lusatian Hill Country and Uplands (the westernmost part of the Sudetes) and thus in Lusatia, while many boroughs west of the Elbe lie in the foreland of the Ore Mountains as well as in the valleys of the rivers rising there and flowing through Dresden, the longest of which are the Weißeritz and the Lockwitzbach. The name of the city as well as the names of most of its boroughs and rivers are of Slavic originDresden is the second largest city in the Thuringian-Upper Saxon dialect area, following only Leipzig.
The Sorbian language area begins east of the city, in Lusatia. Dresden has a long history as the capital and royal residence for the Electors and Kings of Saxony, who for centuries furnished the city with cultural and artistic splendor, and was once by personal union the family seat of Polish monarchsThe city was known as the Jewel Box, because of its baroque and rococo city centreThe controversial American and British bombing of Dresden in World War II towards the end of the war killed approximately 25,000 people, many of whom were civilians, and destroyed the entire city centreAfter the war restoration work has helped to reconstruct parts of the historic inner city, including the Katholische Hofkirche, the Zwinger and the Semper Oper. Since German reunification in 1990 Dresden has again become a cultural, educational and political centre of Germany and EuropeThe Dresden University of Technology is one of the 10 largest universities in Germany and part of the German Universities Excellence Initiative.
The economy of Dresden and its agglomeration is one of the most dynamic in Germany and ranks first in SaxonyIt is dominated by high-tech branches, often called “Silicon Saxony”The city is also one of the most visited in Germany with 4.3 million overnight stays per yearMain sights are also the nearby National Park of Saxon Switzerland, the Ore Mountains and the countryside around Elbe Valley and Moritzburg CastleThe most prominent building in the city of Dresden is the Frauenkirche.
Additional Information About Berlin
Berlin (; German: [bɛʁˈliːn]) is the capital and largest city of Germany by both area and populationIts 3,769,495 (2019) inhabitants make it the most populous city proper of the European UnionThe city is one of Germany's 16 federal statesIt is surrounded by the state of Brandenburg, and contiguous with Potsdam, Brandenburg's capitalThe two cities are at the center of the Berlin-Brandenburg capital region, which is, with about six million inhabitants and an area of more than 30,000 km², Germany's third-largest metropolitan region after the Rhine-Ruhr and Rhine-Main regions. Berlin straddles the banks of the River Spree, which flows into the River Havel (a tributary of the River Elbe) in the western borough of Spandau.
Among the city's main topographical features are the many lakes in the western and southeastern boroughs formed by the Spree, Havel, and Dahme rivers (the largest of which is Lake Müggelsee)Due to its location in the European Plain, Berlin is influenced by a temperate seasonal climateAbout one-third of the city's area is composed of forests, parks, gardens, rivers, canals and lakesThe city lies in the Central German dialect area, the Berlin dialect being a variant of the Lusatian-New Marchian dialects. First documented in the 13th century and situated at the crossing of two important historic trade routes, Berlin became the capital of the Margraviate of Brandenburg (1417–1701), the Kingdom of Prussia (1701–1918), the German Empire (1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (1919–1933), and the Third Reich (1933–1945)Berlin in the 1920s was the third largest municipality in the world.
After World War II and its subsequent occupation by the victorious countries, the city was divided; West Berlin became a de facto West German exclave, surrounded by the Berlin Wall (1961–1989) and East German territoryEast Berlin was declared capital of East Germany, while Bonn became the West German capitalFollowing German reunification in 1990, Berlin once again became the capital of all of Germany. Berlin is a world city of culture, politics, media and scienceIts economy is based on high-tech firms and the service sector, encompassing a diverse range of creative industries, research facilities, media corporations and convention venuesBerlin serves as a continental hub for air and rail traffic and has a highly complex public transportation network.
The metropolis is a popular tourist destinationSignificant industries also include IT, pharmaceuticals, biomedical engineering, clean tech, biotechnology, construction and electronics. Berlin is home to world-renowned universities such as the Humboldt Universität zu Berlin (HU Berlin), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), the Freie Universität Berlin (Free University of Berlin), the Universität der Künste (University of the Arts, UdK) and the Berlin School of Economics and LawThe city has numerous orchestras, museums, and entertainment venues, and is host to many sporting eventsIts Zoological Garden is the most visited zoo in Europe and one of the most popular worldwideWith the world's oldest large-scale movie studio complex, Berlin is an increasingly popular location for international film productions.