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More Important Information About Your Travel to Rome All Stations
Rome (Latin and Italian Roma [ˈroːma]), is the capital city and a special comune of Italy (named Comune di Roma Capitale)Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio regionWith 2,879,728 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is also the country's most populated comuneIt is the third most populous city in the European Union by population within city limitsIt is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome, which has a population of 4,355,725 residents, thus making it the second or third most populous metropolitan city in Italy depending on definition.
Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the TiberVatican City (the smallest country in the world) is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city; for this reason Rome has sometimes been defined as the capital of two states.Rome's history spans 28 centuriesWhile Roman mythology dates the founding of Rome at around 753 BC, the site has been inhabited for much longer, making it one of the oldest continuously occupied cities in EuropeThe city's early population originated from a mix of Latins, Etruscans, and SabinesEventually, the city successively became the capital of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, and is regarded by many as the first ever Imperial City and metropolis.
It was first called The Eternal City (Latin: Urbs Aeterna; Italian: La Città Eterna) by the Roman poet Tibullus in the 1st century BC, and the expression was also taken up by Ovid, Virgil, and LivyRome is also called "Caput Mundi" (Capital of the World)After the fall of the Empire in the west, which marked the beginning of the Middle Ages, Rome slowly fell under the political control of the Papacy, and in the 8th century it became the capital of the Papal States, which lasted until 1870Beginning with the Renaissance, almost all popes since Nicholas V (1447–1455) pursued a coherent architectural and urban programme over four hundred years, aimed at making the city the artistic and cultural centre of the worldIn this way, Rome became first one of the major centres of the Italian Renaissance, and then the birthplace of both the Baroque style and Neoclassicism.
Famous artists, painters, sculptors and architects made Rome the centre of their activity, creating masterpieces throughout the cityIn 1871, Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy, which, in 1946, became the Italian Republic. As of 2020, Rome is ranked as an Alpha global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research NetworkIn 2019, Rome was the 11th most visited city in the world, third most visited in the European Union, and the most popular tourist destination in ItalyIts historic centre is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site Host city for the 1960 Summer Olympics, Rome is also the seat of several specialized agencies of the United Nations, such as the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
Additional Information About Naples
Naples (; Italian: Napoli [ˈnaːpoli]; Neapolitan: Napule [ˈnɑːpələ, ˈnɑːpulə]; Ancient Greek: Νεάπολις, romanized: Neápolis) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest city of Italy after Rome and MilanIn 2017, around 967,069 people lived within the city's administrative limits; its province-level municipality has a population of 3,115,320 residentsIts continuously built-up metropolitan area (that stretches beyond the boundaries of the Metropolitan City of Naples) is the third largest metropolitan area in Italy and one of the most densely populated cities in Europe. First settled by Greeks in the second millennium BC, Naples is one of the oldest continuously inhabited urban areas in the worldIn the ninth century BC, a colony known as Parthenope or Παρθενόπη was established on the Island of MegarideIn the 6th century BC, it was refounded as Neápolis.
The city was an important part of Magna Graecia, played a major role in the merging of Greek and Roman society, and was a significant cultural centre under the Romans.It served as the capital of the Duchy of Naples (661–1139), then of the Kingdom of Naples (1282–1816), and finally of the Two Sicilies until the unification of Italy in 1861Naples is also considered a capital of the Baroque, beginning with the artist Caravaggio's career in the 17th century, and the artistic revolution he inspiredDue to poverty and lack of opportunity, waves of Italians emigrated from Naples in the late 19th and early 20th century, with most going to the United States, where they settled in industrial citiesBetween 1925 and 1936, Naples was expanded and upgraded by Benito Mussolini's governmentDuring the later years of World War II, it sustained severe damage from Allied bombing as they invaded the peninsula.
The city received extensive post-1945 reconstruction work.Since the late 20th century, Naples has had significant economic growth, helped by the construction of the Centro Direzionale business district and an advanced transportation network, which includes the Alta Velocità high-speed rail link to Rome and Salerno and an expanded subway networkNaples is the third-largest urban economy in Italy, after Milan and RomeThe Port of Naples is one of the most important in EuropeIn addition to commercial activities, it is home to the Allied Joint Force Command Naples, the NATO body that oversees North Africa, the Sahel and Middle East.Naples' historic city centre is the largest in Europe and has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage SiteA wide range of culturally and historically significant sites are nearby, including the Palace of Caserta and the Roman ruins of Pompeii and Herculaneum.