Twój Berlin do Munich zaczyna się tutaj podróż pociągiem
REZERWACJA W 3 MINUTY. Brak opłat za rezerwację biletów kolejowych. Najtańsze stawki
Uzyskaj najlepsze oferty podróży pociągiem
Zarezerwuj bilet kolejowy, szybki i łatwy
Wybierz, w jaki sposób chcesz zapłacić
Tanie pociągi jadą z Berlin Central Station do Munich Central Station
Więcej ważnych informacji o podróży do Munich Central Station
Munich ( MEW-nik; German: München [ˈmʏnçn̩]; Austro-Bavarian: Minga [ˈmɪŋ(ː)ɐ]; Slovene: Monakovo; Latin: Monachium; Italian: Monaco di Baviera) is the capital and most populous city of Bavaria, the second most populous German federal state.
With a population of around 1.5 million, it is the third-largest city in Germany, after Berlin and Hamburg, and thus the largest which does not constitute its own state, as well as the 11th-largest city in the European Union.
The city's metropolitan region is home to 6 million people.
Straddling the banks of the River Isar (a tributary of the Danube) north of the Bavarian Alps, it is the seat of the Bavarian administrative region of Upper Bavaria, while being the most densely populated municipality in Germany (4,500 people per km²).
Munich is the second-largest city in the Bavarian dialect area, after the Austrian capital of Vienna, Munich was one of the host cities of the official tournament of the 2006 FIFA World Cup. The city is a global centre of art, science, technology, finance, publishing, culture, innovation, education, business, and tourism and enjoys a very high standard and quality of living, reaching first in Germany and third worldwide according to the 2018 Mercer survey, and being rated the world's most liveable city by the Monocle's Quality of Life Survey 2018.
According to the Globalization and World Rankings Research Institute Munich is considered an alpha-world city, as of 2015.
Munich is a major international center of engineering, science, innovation, and research, exemplified by the presence of two research universities, a multitude of scientific institutions in the city and its surroundings, and world class technology and science museums like the Deutsches Museum and BMW Museum.
Munich houses many multinational companies and its economy is based on high tech, automobiles, the service sector and creative industries, as well as IT, biotechnology, engineering and electronics among many others. The name of the city is derived from the Old/Middle High German term Munichen, meaning "by the monks".
It derives from the monks of the Benedictine order, who ran a monastery at the place that was later to become the Old Town of Munich; hence the monk depicted on the city's coat of arms.
Munich was first mentioned in 1158.
Catholic Munich strongly resisted the Reformation and was a political point of divergence during the resulting Thirty Years' War, but remained physically untouched despite an occupation by the Protestant Swedes.
Once Bavaria was established as a sovereign kingdom in 1806, it became a major European centre of arts, architecture, culture and science.
In 1918, during the German Revolution, the ruling house of Wittelsbach, which had governed Bavaria since 1180, was forced to abdicate in Munich and a short-lived socialist republic was declared. In the 1920s, Munich became home to several political factions, among them the NSDAP.
The first attempt of the Nazi movement to take over the German government in 1923 with the Beer Hall Putsch was stopped by the Bavarian police in Munich with gunfire.
After the Nazis' rise to power, Munich was declared their "Capital of the Movement".
During World War II, Munich was heavily bombed and more than 50% of the entire city and up to 90% of the historic centre were destroyed.
After the end of postwar American occupation in 1949, there was a great increase in population and economic power during the years of Wirtschaftswunder, or "economic miracle".
Unlike many other German cities which were heavily bombed, Munich restored most of its traditional cityscape and hosted the 1972 Summer Olympics.
The 1980s brought strong economic growth, high-tech industries and scientific institutions, and population growth.
The city is home to major corporations like BMW, Siemens, MAN, Linde, Allianz and MunichRE. Munich is home to many universities, museums and theatres.
Its numerous architectural attractions, sports events, exhibitions and its annual Oktoberfest attract considerable tourism.
Munich is one of the most prosperous and fastest growing cities in Germany.
It is a top-ranked destination for migration and expatriate location.
Munich hosts more than 530,000 people of foreign background, making up 37.7% of its population..
Additional Information About Berlin
Berlin (; German: [bɛʁˈliːn]) is the capital and largest city of Germany by both area and population.
Its 3,769,495 (2019) inhabitants make it the most populous city proper of the European Union.
The city is one of Germany's 16 federal states.
It is surrounded by the state of Brandenburg, and contiguous with Potsdam, Brandenburg's capital.
The two cities are at the center of the Berlin-Brandenburg capital region, which is, with about six million inhabitants and an area of more than 30,000 km², Germany's third-largest metropolitan region after the Rhine-Ruhr and Rhine-Main regions. Berlin straddles the banks of the River Spree, which flows into the River Havel (a tributary of the River Elbe) in the western borough of Spandau.
Among the city's main topographical features are the many lakes in the western and southeastern boroughs formed by the Spree, Havel, and Dahme rivers (the largest of which is Lake Müggelsee).
Due to its location in the European Plain, Berlin is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate.
About one-third of the city's area is composed of forests, parks, gardens, rivers, canals and lakes.
The city lies in the Central German dialect area, the Berlin dialect being a variant of the Lusatian-New Marchian dialects. First documented in the 13th century and situated at the crossing of two important historic trade routes, Berlin became the capital of the Margraviate of Brandenburg (1417–1701), the Kingdom of Prussia (1701–1918), the German Empire (1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (1919–1933), and the Third Reich (1933–1945).
Berlin in the 1920s was the third largest municipality in the world.
After World War II and its subsequent occupation by the victorious countries, the city was divided; West Berlin became a de facto West German exclave, surrounded by the Berlin Wall (1961–1989) and East German territory.
East Berlin was declared capital of East Germany, while Bonn became the West German capital.
Following German reunification in 1990, Berlin once again became the capital of all of Germany. Berlin is a world city of culture, politics, media and science.
Its economy is based on high-tech firms and the service sector, encompassing a diverse range of creative industries, research facilities, media corporations and convention venues.
Berlin serves as a continental hub for air and rail traffic and has a highly complex public transportation network.
The metropolis is a popular tourist destination.
Significant industries also include IT, pharmaceuticals, biomedical engineering, clean tech, biotechnology, construction and electronics. Berlin is home to world-renowned universities such as the Humboldt Universität zu Berlin (HU Berlin), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), the Freie Universität Berlin (Free University of Berlin), the Universität der Künste (University of the Arts, UdK) and the Berlin School of Economics and Law.
The city has numerous orchestras, museums, and entertainment venues, and is host to many sporting events.
Its Zoological Garden is the most visited zoo in Europe and one of the most popular worldwide.
With the world's oldest large-scale movie studio complex, Berlin is an increasingly popular location for international film productions.
The city is well known for its festivals, diverse architecture, nightlife, contemporary arts and a very high quality of living.
Since the 2000s Berlin has seen the emergence of a cosmopolitan entrepreneurial scene..