Nthawi Yowerengera: 8 mphindi
(Kusinthidwa Last Pa: 27/08/2021)

Angelo, watsopano, magalasi opaka utoto owoneka bwino, ndi zina mwa zinthu zomwe zili mu 12 matchalitchi akuluakulu ochititsa chidwi kwambiri ku Europe. Katolika aliyense ndi wamtali, zokulirapo, komanso yosangalatsa kuposa inayo, chilichonse chokhala ndi zinthu za chimzake.

 

1. Mzinda wa Duomo Cathedral, Milan

Milan imakopa alendo mamiliyoni ambiri chaka chilichonse. Katolika wamkulu wa Milan, Mzinda wa Milan Cathedral ndiye chizindikiro chomwe chingakusangalatseni poyang'ana koyamba. Zidatengera 600 zaka zomanga tchalitchi chachikulu kwambiri ku Italy, zokongola, wachisomo, komanso modabwitsa mu marble wobiriwira wa pinki.

Magalasi owoneka bwino, zinthu za gothic, ndipo chifanizo chagolide cha Madonnina pamwambapa ndi zina chabe mwazinthu zomwe zingakusangalatseni. kotero, ngati mukufunadi kusirira tchalitchi chachikulu cha gothic ku Milan, ndiye mutha kuyenda padenga. kotero, Milan Cathedral ndiye tchalitchi chachikulu padziko lapansi, komwe mungayende padenga.

Florence kupita ku Milan Ndi Sitima

Florence ku Venice Ndi Sitima

Milan ku Florence Ndi Sitima

Venice ku Milan Ndi Sitima

 

Cathedral ya Duomo Milan ndiyofunika kukawona malo

 

2. Tchalitchi cha Sagrada Familia, Barcelona

Cathedral yokhayo yomwe ikupitilizabe kuyambira pamenepo 1882, Tchalitchi chachikulu cha Gaudi's Sagrada Familia, ndi ntchito ya luso. Tchalitchi cha Sagrada ndichophatikiza cha Spain Late Gothic, Art Nouveau, ndi zomangamanga za Catalan Modernism. Mapangidwe a Gaudi anali 18 ziphuphu, kuyimira 12 atumwi, Namwali Maria, alaliki anayi, ndi wamtali kwambiri Yesu Khristu.

Kuphatikiza apo, mbali zonse zitatuzi zimakhala ndi mawonekedwe osiyana kotheratu: chikhumbo cha Passion, Ulemerero, ndi facade yakubadwa. kotero, ndi zambiri zoti muwone ndikupeza, konzekerani ulendo wanu wopita ku Barcelona bwino, kuti musaphonye tchalitchichi chodabwitsa.

 

Sagrada Familia kuchokera pamwambapa chithunzi

 

3. Ma Cathedral Ochititsa Chidwi Ku Europe: Katolika wa Kolner, Cologne

Kumangidwanso 7 zaka mazana ambiri, Cologne Cathedral ndi chizindikiro chochititsa chidwi cha zomangamanga za Gothic. Komanso, Cologne cathedral ndiye mpando wa Archbishop wa ku Cologne komanso tchalitchi chachitali kwambiri ku Europe.

N'zochititsa chidwi, chodabwitsa ichi chinali malo okhazikika ndi udzu mu French Revolution. Today, simudzawona zotsalira za gawo ili m'mbiri ya tchalitchi chachikulu. Mkati mwake ndi wokongola kwambiri monga kunja komwe kuli mawindo agalasi ndi chuma. Kolner Dom ndiwopatsa chidwi kwambiri usiku ndi kuwala kwa dzuwa.

Berlin ku Aachen Ndi Sitima

Frankfurt ku Cologne Ndi Sitima

Dresden ku Cologne Ndi Sitima

Aachen ku Cologne Ndi Sitima

 

Kolner Cathedral Cologne nthawi yamadzulo

 

4. Tchalitchi cha Santa Maria Del Fiore, Florence

Pinki, wobiriwira wonyezimira, ndi chovala choyera cha marble woyera, zojambula pansi mkati, Tchalitchi cha Santa Maria ku Florence ndi tchalitchi chachikulu chobwezeretsanso. Komanso, Mafresco a Giorgio Vasari a Late Judgment padenga sayenera kuphonya okonda zaluso.

Tchalitchi cha Florence sichiposa china chilichonse. Ngakhale simukufuna luso, tchalitchichi chidzakusangalatsani ndikupangitsani kuti muzisangalala ndi zojambulajambula kwa maola ambiri. Ngati mukufuna mpweya wabwino, kenako kukwera ku Brunelleschi Cupola kuti mukaone zamatsenga a Florence.

Rimini kupita ku Florence Ndi Sitima

Rome ku Florence Ndi Sitima

Pisa ku Florence Ndi Sitima

Venice ku Florence Ndi Sitima

 

 

5. Ma Cathedral Ochititsa Chidwi Ku Europe: Charlem Cathedral, Vienna

Chizindikiro cha Vienna, St. Charles Cathedral ndiyabwino m'mbali yoyera yoyera komanso nyumba zobiriwira zobiriwira. Zokha mu kalembedwe Baroque, St. Charles cathedral imakopa alendo kuyambira 19TH m'zaka. Katolika idapangidwa kuti izilemekeza woyera mtima Charles Borromeo, wodyetsa, komanso nduna ya zowawa m'miliri yaku Europe mu 16TH m'zaka.

Komabe, chinthu chochititsa chidwi kwambiri ku St.. Charles Basilica ndiye 1250 frescos lalikulu mamita mu copula. Mosiyana ndi ma cathedral ena aku Europe, apa mutha kutenga chikepe cha panoramic kuti musirire fresco pafupi. kotero, kumaliza, St. Tchalitchi cha Charles ku Vienna sichiyenera kuphonya kwanu tchuthi chakuwononga mzinda ku Europe.

Salzburg kupita ku Vienna Ndi Sitima

Munich ku Vienna Ndi Sitima

Graz ku Vienna Ndi Sitima

Prague ku Vienna Ndi Sitima

 

Malo Ochititsa Chidwi a Charles Cathedral ku Vienna

 

6. Cathedral ya Le Mans, France

Wodzipereka kwa Saint Julian, bishopu woyamba wa Le Mans, Cathedral ya Le Mans, ndi kusakanikirana kokongola kwamapangidwe aku French Gothic ndi nave ya ku Romanesque. Chimodzi mwa zinthu zochititsa chidwi zomwe zingakusangalatseni ndi mabowo omwe amathandizira kunja kwakapangidwe kake kokongola. Chifukwa chake mawonekedwe a Le Mans Cathedral ndi amodzi mwa malo okongola kwambiri ku Europe.

Komanso, magalasi okhathamira ndi angelo opakidwa padenga la tchalitchichi zimawonjezera ku Le Mans’ zomangamanga zochititsa chidwi ndikukusiyirani chuma chambiri kuti mupeze mkati mwa tchalitchi ichi cha zaka 500.

Dijon ku Provence Ndi Sitima

Paris ku Provence Ndi Sitima

Lyon ku Provence Ndi Sitima

Marseilles kupita ku Provence Ndi Sitima

 

Utawaleza pamwamba pa Cathedral ya Le Mans

 

7. Ma Cathedral Ochititsa Chidwi Ku Europe: St. Paulo Cathedral, London

Imalamulira kwambiri London, koma kunja, Cathedral ya Saint Paul siimodzi mwa malo ochititsa chidwi kwambiri. Kukongola kwa St.. Cathedral wa Paul udzawulula ngati mungakhale ndi nthawi yolowera. ndiye, mudzachita chidwi ndimasewera azokongoletsa zoyera ndi zakuda. Komanso, nyumba zazikuluzikulu kuposa 300 zikumbutso za zabwino kwambiri ku Britain, monga Wren yemwe adapanga tchalitchi chachikulu.

Komabe, chimodzi mwa zinthu zochititsa chidwi kwambiri ku St.. Paul's Cathedral ndi malo omwe akunong'oneza. Inde, ngati mukunong'oneza mbali imodzi ya gallery, makomawo adzawatengera kumapeto ena.

Amsterdam ku London Ndi Sitima

Paris kupita ku London Ndi Sitima Yapamtunda

Berlin ku London Ndi Sitima

Brussels kupita ku London Ndi Sitima

 

Makamu kunja kwa St.. Paul's Cathedral, London, UK

 

8. Cathedral ya Berlin

Ngakhale adawonongeka kwambiri mu WWII, Berlin Cathedral ndi tchalitchi chachikulu chokhala ndi kasupe ndi udzu wobiriwira kutsogolo. Berlin Cathedral idamangidwa ngati gawo la nyumba yachifumu ya Berlin, koma katswiri wazomangamanga Julius Carl Raschdorff adasinthira icho kuti chiwonetse ulemerero ndi ukulu wa St.. Paul’s Cathedral ku London. Pokhapokha 1993, kubwezeretsa kunamalizidwa, pambuyo pa kugwa kwa khoma lalikulu la Berlin.

Zinthu zochititsa chidwi kwambiri ku Cathedral ya Berlin ndi fresco, zokongoletsa zagolide, ndi zifanizo. Kuphatikiza apo, limba la Saucer lokhala ndi nyimbo zachikondi komanso zosungunula mtima ndilo gawo lomaliza komanso lalikulu kwambiri lachikondi ku Germany liyenera kupatula nthawi yakukhala ndikungolemba. Motero, pitani papulatifomu yowonera malingaliro amzinda wa Berlin kuti mumalize ulendo wanu mu umodzi wa 12 matchalitchi akuluakulu ochititsa chidwi kwambiri ku Europe.

Frankfurt ku Berlin Ndi Sitima

Leipzig kupita ku Berlin Ndi Sitima

Hanover kupita ku Berlin Ndi Sitima

Hamburg kupita ku Berlin Ndi Sitima

 

Tsiku lokongola ku Cathedral ya Berlin

 

9. Ma Cathedral Ochititsa Chidwi Ku Europe: Woyera Basil's Cathedral, Moscow

mmodzi wa malo osangalatsa kwambiri kukaona ku Russia ndi Cathedral ya Saint Basil ku Moscow. Simungaphonye tchalitchi chodabwitsa ichi ndipo mudzawona kuchokera kulikonse ku Red Square ndi kupitirira. Pamene mukuyandikira, mpingo wapakati wokhala ndi mipingo ina isanu ndi inayi yozungulira.

Chochititsa chidwi kwambiri ndikuti akachisi awa amalumikizidwa ndi maulalo apadera. Ivan the Terrible anali mtsogoleri wa tchalitchi cha Saint Basil, ndipo nyumba zambirimbiri ndizodabwitsa mpaka lero. Pomwe mawonekedwe amtunduwu adapezeka m'zaka za zana la 17th, koma kusankha kwamitundu sikudziwika.

 

The Famous Saint Basil's Cathedral at the heart of Moscow

 

10. Cathedral ya Notre Dame, Paris

Ma gargoyles adadzuka ndi mawindo okhala ndi magalasi ali 2 za zinthu zomwe zingakukopeni monga mamiliyoni ena a alendo ku tchalitchi cha Notre Dame ku Paris. Zokongola panja, ndi wokongola mkati, chuma cha tchalitchi chachikulu chidzakutengerani pamwamba pa mzinda wachikondi kwambiri padziko lapansi, chifukwa maganizo panolamiki.

Dona wathu waima ku Ile de la Cite ndipo adadzipereka kwa Namwali Wodala. Kuphatikiza apo, tchalitchichi chinali malo ochitirako zochitika zazikulu monga kuikidwa pampando kwa Napoleon Bonaparte, ndi kumenyedwa kwa Joan waku Arc. Motero, Maso anu azisilira kukongola kwa kapangidwe ka tchalitchichi, ndi makutu anu akuyamikira nkhani zaulemerero.

Amsterdam ku Paris Ndi Sitima

London kupita ku Paris Ndi Sitima

Rotterdam ku Paris Ndi Sitima

Brussels ku Paris Ndi Sitima

 

Notre-Dame Cathedral ndi Paris Canal

 

11. Ma Cathedral Ochititsa Chidwi Ku Europe: Tchalitchi cha Saint Mark, Venice

Ndi amodzi mwamalo okongola kwambiri ku Europe, koma ndi zotsalira zobisika zomwe Tchalitchi cha Saint Mark chimakhala, ndikupanga tchalitchi chachikulu kwambiri ku Europe. Malinga ndi nthano, Tchalitchi cha Saint Mark adamangidwa kuti akhale ndi zotsalira za Mark mlalikiyo, m'modzi mwa atumwi anayiwo, amalonda atabera ku Egypt. Nkhaniyi ili ndi gawo la 13 zojambula za m'ma century, pamwamba pa chitseko chakumanzere mukamalowa tchalitchicho.

Komanso, Tchalitchi cha Saint Mark chili ndi chuma chamtengo wapatali kuposa mwala wamtengo wapatali wa Royal Family - Pala dOro. Pala ndiwosintha waku Byzantian, yokutidwa ndi zoposa 2000 miyala yamtengo wapatali. kunena, ngati mukukonzekera kukaona malo ena ku Venice, Tchalitchi cha Saint Mark ndiye, chidwi, kukongola ndi apaulendo okonda mbiri.

Milan ku Venice Ndi Sitima

Florence ku Venice Ndi Sitima

Bologna ku Venice Ndi Sitima

Treviso ku Venice Ndi Sitima

 

Colorful people out Saint Mark's Basilica in Venice Italy

 

12. St. Vitus Cathedral, Prague

Ku mitsinje yonse, ndi milatho, mu Prague Castle yodziwika bwino, mudzasangalatsidwa ndi tchalitchi cha Saint Vitus. Zinatengera pafupi 6 zaka mazana kuti amalize tchalitchi cha gothic, ku malo ochititsa chidwi komanso odziwika kwambiri ku Prague. Kuchuluka kwa nthawi yomwe idatenga pomanga Cathedral ya Vitus Woyera kumawonekeranso mumapangidwe amitundu.

Cathedral ya Saint Vitus ili ndi Renaissance, Gothic, ndi zinthu za Baroque: ngati mpweya wa nsanja yakumwera ndi chiwalo chachikulu kumpoto. Mawindo okhala ndi magalasi okhala ndi magalasi ndiwodziwika bwino mu tchalitchi chilichonse ndi St.. Mawindo a Vitus samagwa mwa kukongola kuchokera kumatchalitchi ena ochititsa chidwi ku Europe.

Nuremberg kupita ku Prague Ndi Sitima

Munich ku Prague Ndi Sitima

Berlin kupita ku Prague Ndi Sitima

Vienna ku Prague Ndi Sitima

 

Prague's Saint Vitus Cathedral

 

We adzakhala wokondwa kukuthandizani kukonzekera ulendo wosaiwalika wa awa 12 cathedral chidwi ku Ulaya sitima, Lowani mdziko la Save A Phunzitsani.

 

 

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